Comparable in vitro Function of Human Liver-Derived and Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells: Implications for Cell-Based Therapy

Furkan Yigitbilek, Sabena M. Conley, Hui Tang, Ishran M. Saadiq, Kyra L. Jordan, Lilach O. Lerman, Timucin Taner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have been investigated extensively for their immunotherapeutic and regenerative properties, which may differ by cell source. In MSCs harvested from donors matched for sex, age, and body mass index, we compared the proliferative and migration functions of liver-derived MSCs (L-MSCs) and adipose tissue-derived MSCs (A-MSCs) (n = 6 donors each). Cellular senescence was evaluated by senescence-associated beta-galactosidase enzyme activity and expression of senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) factors using real-time quantitative polymerase chain and by western blot assay. The pro-angiogenic and reparative potency of MSCs was compared by co-culturing MSCs with injured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The proliferation and migration properties were similar in L-MSCs and A-MSCs. Although cell cycle arrest and SASP genes were similarly expressed in both MSCs, tumor necrosis factor alpha gene and protein expression were significantly downregulated in L-MSCs. In co-cultured injured HUVEC, A-MSCs restored significantly more tubes and tube connections than L-MSCs. Therefore, despite many functional similarities between L-MSCs and A-MSCs, L-MSCs have enhanced immunomodulatory properties, while A-MSCs appear to have better pro-angiogenic and vascular reparative potency. Availability of a broad range of cellular options might enable selecting cell-based therapy appropriate for the specific underlying disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number641792
JournalFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2021

Keywords

  • adipose tissue
  • angiogenesis
  • cellular senescence
  • liver
  • Mesenchymal stroma/stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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