Common forms of childhood esotropia

Brian G. Mohney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the most common forms of childhood esotropia. Design: Prospective, consecutive, observational case series. Participants: All esotropic children younger than 11 years of age from a predominantly rural Appalachian region evaluated from August 1, 1995 through July 31, 1998. Methods: Demographic and clinical data were collected for all patients. Main Outcome Measures: The percentage ratio of the various forms of childhood esotropia. Results: Two hundred twenty-one consecutive children without prior surgical treatment were evaluated for esotropia. One hundred seventeen (52.9%) of the 221 children had some form of accommodative esotropia, 38 (17.2%) were associated with congenital or acquired abnormalities of the central nervous system, 23 (10.4%) displayed acquired nonaccommodative esotropia, 15 (6.8%) resulted from ocular sensory defects, 12 (5.4%) had confirmed congenital esotropia, seven (3.2%) had paralytic esotropia, and an unverified age at onset prevented an accurate categorization in the remaining nine (4.1%). Conclusions: Children with accommodative esotropia accounted for more than half of the study patients and were diagnosed nearly 10 times more frequently than children with congenital esotropia. Esotropic patients with central nervous system defects or with an acquired nonaccommodative deviation were also more common than children with congenital esotropia. Children with congenital esotropia or with a paralytic or sensory cause of their deviation were relatively uncommon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)805-809
Number of pages5
JournalOphthalmology
Volume108
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Esotropia
Appalachian Region
Central Nervous System
Age of Onset
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Common forms of childhood esotropia. / Mohney, Brian G.

In: Ophthalmology, Vol. 108, No. 4, 2001, p. 805-809.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohney, Brian G. / Common forms of childhood esotropia. In: Ophthalmology. 2001 ; Vol. 108, No. 4. pp. 805-809.
@article{04eb78ecf6af4ca3984af30d91d118b2,
title = "Common forms of childhood esotropia",
abstract = "Objective: To determine the most common forms of childhood esotropia. Design: Prospective, consecutive, observational case series. Participants: All esotropic children younger than 11 years of age from a predominantly rural Appalachian region evaluated from August 1, 1995 through July 31, 1998. Methods: Demographic and clinical data were collected for all patients. Main Outcome Measures: The percentage ratio of the various forms of childhood esotropia. Results: Two hundred twenty-one consecutive children without prior surgical treatment were evaluated for esotropia. One hundred seventeen (52.9{\%}) of the 221 children had some form of accommodative esotropia, 38 (17.2{\%}) were associated with congenital or acquired abnormalities of the central nervous system, 23 (10.4{\%}) displayed acquired nonaccommodative esotropia, 15 (6.8{\%}) resulted from ocular sensory defects, 12 (5.4{\%}) had confirmed congenital esotropia, seven (3.2{\%}) had paralytic esotropia, and an unverified age at onset prevented an accurate categorization in the remaining nine (4.1{\%}). Conclusions: Children with accommodative esotropia accounted for more than half of the study patients and were diagnosed nearly 10 times more frequently than children with congenital esotropia. Esotropic patients with central nervous system defects or with an acquired nonaccommodative deviation were also more common than children with congenital esotropia. Children with congenital esotropia or with a paralytic or sensory cause of their deviation were relatively uncommon.",
author = "Mohney, {Brian G.}",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1016/S0161-6420(00)00639-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "108",
pages = "805--809",
journal = "Ophthalmology",
issn = "0161-6420",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Common forms of childhood esotropia

AU - Mohney, Brian G.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Objective: To determine the most common forms of childhood esotropia. Design: Prospective, consecutive, observational case series. Participants: All esotropic children younger than 11 years of age from a predominantly rural Appalachian region evaluated from August 1, 1995 through July 31, 1998. Methods: Demographic and clinical data were collected for all patients. Main Outcome Measures: The percentage ratio of the various forms of childhood esotropia. Results: Two hundred twenty-one consecutive children without prior surgical treatment were evaluated for esotropia. One hundred seventeen (52.9%) of the 221 children had some form of accommodative esotropia, 38 (17.2%) were associated with congenital or acquired abnormalities of the central nervous system, 23 (10.4%) displayed acquired nonaccommodative esotropia, 15 (6.8%) resulted from ocular sensory defects, 12 (5.4%) had confirmed congenital esotropia, seven (3.2%) had paralytic esotropia, and an unverified age at onset prevented an accurate categorization in the remaining nine (4.1%). Conclusions: Children with accommodative esotropia accounted for more than half of the study patients and were diagnosed nearly 10 times more frequently than children with congenital esotropia. Esotropic patients with central nervous system defects or with an acquired nonaccommodative deviation were also more common than children with congenital esotropia. Children with congenital esotropia or with a paralytic or sensory cause of their deviation were relatively uncommon.

AB - Objective: To determine the most common forms of childhood esotropia. Design: Prospective, consecutive, observational case series. Participants: All esotropic children younger than 11 years of age from a predominantly rural Appalachian region evaluated from August 1, 1995 through July 31, 1998. Methods: Demographic and clinical data were collected for all patients. Main Outcome Measures: The percentage ratio of the various forms of childhood esotropia. Results: Two hundred twenty-one consecutive children without prior surgical treatment were evaluated for esotropia. One hundred seventeen (52.9%) of the 221 children had some form of accommodative esotropia, 38 (17.2%) were associated with congenital or acquired abnormalities of the central nervous system, 23 (10.4%) displayed acquired nonaccommodative esotropia, 15 (6.8%) resulted from ocular sensory defects, 12 (5.4%) had confirmed congenital esotropia, seven (3.2%) had paralytic esotropia, and an unverified age at onset prevented an accurate categorization in the remaining nine (4.1%). Conclusions: Children with accommodative esotropia accounted for more than half of the study patients and were diagnosed nearly 10 times more frequently than children with congenital esotropia. Esotropic patients with central nervous system defects or with an acquired nonaccommodative deviation were also more common than children with congenital esotropia. Children with congenital esotropia or with a paralytic or sensory cause of their deviation were relatively uncommon.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035087505&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035087505&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0161-6420(00)00639-4

DO - 10.1016/S0161-6420(00)00639-4

M3 - Article

C2 - 11297502

AN - SCOPUS:0035087505

VL - 108

SP - 805

EP - 809

JO - Ophthalmology

JF - Ophthalmology

SN - 0161-6420

IS - 4

ER -