Common Data Elements Reported in Mechanical Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Systematic Review of Active Clinical Trials

Sherief Ghozy, Nicole Hardy, Daniel J. Sutphin, Kevin M. Kallmes, Ramanathan Kadirvel, David F. Kallmes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: New trials are planned regularly to provide the highest quality of evidence and invade new occlusion territories, which requires a pre-defined reporting strategy with consistent, common data elements for more straightforward collective evidence synthesis. We sought to review all active endovascular thrombectomy trials to investigate their patient selection criteria, intervention description, and reported outcomes. Methods: A literature search was systematically conducted on clinicaltrials.gov for active trials and all intervention, inclusion criteria, and outcomes reported were extracted. A qualitative synthesis of the frequency of study design types and data elements are graphically and narratively presented. Results: A total of 32 studies were tagged and included in the final qualitative analysis. The inclusion criteria were highly variable, including different cut-offs for the last well-known baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score, and modified Rankin scale (mRS). Half of the studies (16/32) mentioned “thrombectomy” without defining which technique or device was used, and the final thrombolysis in cerebral infarction scale was provided in 19 (59.4%) studies. Heterogeneity was also present among the studies reporting a first-pass effect, both in how studies defined the outcome and in used ranges for mRS. Mortality and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) were more homogenous in their presentation and follow-up. Conclusions: There is a great degree of heterogeneity in the active thrombectomy trials concerning inclusion criteria, interventions used, and how outcomes are being reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1679
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • clinical Trial
  • common data elements
  • stroke
  • thrombectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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