Commentary on Genomic loss of microRNA-101 leads to overexpression of histone methyltransferase EZH2 in cancer. Varambally S, Cao Q, Mani RS, Shankar S, Wang X, Ateeq B, Laxman B, Cao X, Jing X, Ramnarayanan K, Brenner JC, Yu J, Kim JH, Han B, Tan P, Kumar-Sinha C, Lonigro RJ, Palanisamy N, Maher CA, Chinnaiyan AM, Michigan Center for Translational Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School

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Abstract

Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is a mammalian histone methyltransferase that contributes to the epigenetic silencing of target genes and that regulates the survival and metastasis of cancer cells. EZH2 is overexpressed in aggressive solid tumors by mechanisms that remain unclear. Here, we show that the expression and function of EZH2 in cancer cell lines is inhibited by microRNA-101 (miR-101). Analysis of human prostate tumors revealed that miR-101 expression decreases during cancer progression, paralleling an increase in EZH2 expression. One or both of the two genomic loci encoding miR-101 were somatically lost in 37.5% of clinically localized prostate cancers (6/16) and 66.7% of metastatic disease (22/33). We propose that genomic loss of miR-101 in cancer leads to overexpression of EZH2 and concomitant dysregulation of epigenetic pathways, resulting in cancer progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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