Comfort with uncertainty: reframing our conceptions of how clinicians navigate complex clinical situations

Jonathan S. Ilgen, Kevin W. Eva, Anique de Bruin, David A. Cook, Glenn Regehr

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Learning to take safe and effective action in complex settings rife with uncertainty is essential for patient safety and quality care. Doing so is not easy for trainees, as they often consider certainty to be a necessary precursor for action and subsequently struggle in these settings. Understanding how skillful clinicians work comfortably when uncertain, therefore, offers an important opportunity to facilitate trainees’ clinical reasoning development. This critical review aims to define and elaborate the concept of ‘comfort with uncertainty’ in clinical settings by juxtaposing a variety of frameworks and theories in ways that generate more deliberate ways of thinking about, and researching, this phenomenon. We used Google Scholar to identify theoretical concepts and findings relevant to the topics of ‘uncertainty,’ ‘ambiguity,’ ‘comfort,’ and ‘confidence,’ and then used preliminary findings to pursue parallel searches within the social cognition, cognition, sociology, sociocultural, philosophy of medicine, and medical education literatures. We treat uncertainty as representing the lived experience of individuals, reflecting the lack of confidence one feels that he/she has an incomplete mental representation of a particular problem. Comfort, in contrast, references confidence in one’s capabilities to act (or not act) in a safe and effective manner given the situation. Clinicians’ ‘comfort with uncertainty’ is informed by a variety of perceptual, emotional, and situational cues, and is enabled through a combination of self-monitoring and forward planning. Potential implications of using ‘comfort with uncertainty’ as a framework for educational and research programs are explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-809
Number of pages13
JournalAdvances in Health Sciences Education
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • Ambiguity
  • Clinical reasoning
  • Comfort
  • Complexity
  • Expertise
  • Medical decision-making
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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