CNS involvement in Neuro-Behcet syndrome: An MR study

Naci Koçer, Civan Islak, Aksel Siva, Sabahattin Saip, Canan Akman, Orhun Kantarci, Vedat Hamuryudan

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221 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Behcet disease (BD) is a multisystem vasculitis of unknown origin in which neurologic involvement has been reported in the range of 5% to 10% in large series. Reports on clinical and radiologic aspects of neuro-Behcet syndrome (NBS) are in general limited in number. Our purpose was to determine the MR patterns in patients with NBS who had neural parenchymal involvement and to correlate our findings with possible vascular pathophysiology. METHODS: The MR images of 65 patients with NBS and neural parenchymal involvement were reviewed. In a subgroup of patients who had serial MR studies, we evaluated the anatomic-radiologic location and distribution of the lesions and whether they corresponded to any vascular territory, and studied their extension, enhancement patterns, and temporal course. RESULTS: The most common imaging finding in NBS patients who had neural parenchymal involvement was a mesodiencephalic junction lesion with edema extending along certain long tracts in the brain stem and diencephalon in 46% of the patients. The next most common location of involvement was the pontobulbar region, seen in 40% of the cases. Three primary cervical spinal cord lesions and one case of isolated optic nerve involvement were observed. CONCLUSION: The parenchymal distribution of lesions in NBS appears to support the hypothesis of small-vessel vasculitis; mainly, venular involvement. The anatomic distribution of intraaxial veins of the CNS explains the predominant involvement of the brain stem structures observed in our patients. This pattern of lesion distribution might help to differentiate NBS from other vasculitides as well as from the inflammatory-demyelinating diseases of the CNS, such as multiple sclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1015-1024
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume20
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Koçer, N., Islak, C., Siva, A., Saip, S., Akman, C., Kantarci, O., & Hamuryudan, V. (1999). CNS involvement in Neuro-Behcet syndrome: An MR study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 20(6), 1015-1024.