OBJECTIVES: The study compared the safety and efficacy of ticlopidine with clopidogrel in patients receiving coronary stents. BACKGROUND: Stent thrombosis is reduced when ticlopidine is administered with aspirin. Clopidogrel is similar to ticlopidine in chemical structure and function but has fewer side effects; few data are available about its use in stent patients. METHODS: We compared 30-day event rates in 500 consecutive coronary stent patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel (300 mg loading dose immediately prior to stent placement, and 75 mg/day for 14 days) to 827 consecutive stent patients treated with aspirin and ticlopidine (500 mg loading dose and 250 mg twice daily for 14 days). RESULTS: Patients treated with clopidogrel had more adverse clinical characteristics including older age, more severe angina, and more frequent infarction within the prior 24 h. Nonetheless, mortality was 0.4% in clopidogrel patients versus 1.1% in ticlopidine patients; nonfatal myocardial infarction occurred in 0% versus 0.5%, stent thrombosis in 0.2% versus 0.7%, bypass surgery or repeat angioplasty in 0.4% versus 0.5%, and any event occurred in 0.8% versus 1.6% of patients, respectively (p = NS). Based on the observed 30-day event rate of 1.6% with ticlopidine, the statistical power of the study was 43% to detect an even rate of 0.5% with clopidogrel, and 75% to detect an event rate with of 4% with clopidogrel, with a p value of 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that clopidogrel can be safely substituted for ticlopidine in patients receiving coronary stents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine