Clinicopathologic subtype of Alzheimer's disease presenting as corticobasal syndrome

Nobutaka Sakae, Keith A. Josephs, Irene Litvan, Melissa E. Murray, Ranjan Duara, Ryan J. Uitti, Zbigniew K. Wszolek, Jay van Gerpen, Neil R. Graff-Radford, Dennis W. Dickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is associated with several neuropathologic disorders, including corticobasal degeneration and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Method: In this report, we studied 43 AD patients with CBS (AD-CBS) and compared them with 42 AD patients with typical amnestic syndrome (AD-AS), as well as 15 cases of corticobasal degeneration and CBS pathology. Results: Unlike AD-AS, AD-CBS had prominent motor problems, including limb apraxia (90%), myoclonus (81%), and gait disorders (70%). Alien limb phenomenon was reported in 26% and cortical sensory loss in 14%. Language problems were also more frequent in AD-CBS, and memory impairment was less frequent. AD-CBS had more tau pathology in perirolandic cortices but less in superior temporal cortex than AD-AS. In addition, AD-CBS had greater neuronal loss in the substantia nigra. Discussion: AD-CBS is a clinicopathological subtype of AD with an atypical distribution of Alzheimer-type tau pathology. Greater neuronal loss in the substantia nigra may contribute to Parkinsonism which is not a feature of typical AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1218-1228
Number of pages11
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Corticobasal syndrome
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Neuropathology
  • Tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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