Clinical significance of the translocation (11;14)(q13;q32) in multiple myeloma

Rafael Fonseca, James D. Hoyer, Patricia Aguayo, Syed M. Jalal, Gregory J. Ahmann, S. V. Rajkumar, Thomas E. Witzig, Martha Q. Lacy, Angela Dispenzieri, Morie A. Gertz, Robert A. Kyle, Philip R. Greipp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The most common chromosomal translocation in multiple myeloma (MM) is t(11;14)(q13;q32). Here, we describe the clinical characteristics of patients with MM who have this translocation. We have identified 24 patients at our institution who had t(11;14)(q13;q32) as determined by standard cytogenetic analysis (CC). Seven patients had the translocation detected at the time of original diagnosis and 17 at the time of relapse. Median survival in all patients after original diagnosis was 43 months; median survival after the translocation was detected was 11.9 months. Four patients had a clinical diagnosis of plasma cell leukemia. Most patients had an elevated β2-microglobulin (13/20 had > 4 μg/ml). The bone marrow (BM) labeling index (LI) of patients, at the time of translocation detection, was elevated in most (median 1.4%, 17/23 patients had BMLI ≥ 1%). Of the 24 patients, 19 (79%) died of disease progression and 5 (21%) were alive with disease at last follow-up. Lytic lesions, bone pain, or compression fractures eventually developed in all patients. Patients with MM who have t(11;14)(q13;q32) detected by standard cytogenetics seem to have an aggressive clinical course.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume35
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Chromosomal aberrations
  • Leukemia
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Plasmacytic
  • Translocation t(11,14)(q13,q32)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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