Clinical presentation, operative management, and long-term outcomes of rupture after previous abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

Indrani Sen, Irina Kanzafarova, Jennifer Yonkus, Bernardo C. Mendes, Jill J. Colglazier, Fahad Shuja, Randall R. DeMartino, Manju Kalra, Todd E. Rasmussen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presentation trends, intervention, and survival of patients who had been treated for late abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture (LAR) after open repair (OR) or endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Methods: We reviewed the clinical data from a single-center, retrospective database for patients treated for LAR from 2000 to 2020. The end points were the 30-day mortality, major postoperative complication, and survival. The outcomes between LAR managed with EVAR (group I) vs OR were compared (group II). Results: Of 390 patients with infrarenal aortic rupture, 40 (10%) had experienced aortic rupture after prior aortic repair and comprised the LAR cohort (34 men; age 78 ± 8 years). LAR had occurred before EVAR in 30 and before OR in 10 patients. LAR was more common in the second half of the study with 32 patients after 2010. LAR after prior OR was secondary to ruptured para-anastomotic pseudoaneurysms. After initial EVAR, LAR had occurred despite reintervention in 17 patients (42%). The time to LAR was shorter after prior EVAR than after OR (6 ± 4 vs 12 ± 4 years, respectively; P =.003). Treatment for LAR was EVAR for 25 patients (63%; group I) and OR for 15 (37%, group II). LAR after initial OR was managed with endovascular salvage for 8 of 10 patients. Endovascular management was more frequent in the latter half of the study period. In group I, fenestrated repair had been used for seven patients (28%). Salvage for the remaining cases was feasible with EVAR, aortic cuffs, or limb extensions. The incidence of free rupture, time to treatment, 30-day mortality (8% vs 13%; P =.3), complications (32% vs 60%; P =.1), and disposition were similar between the two groups. Those in group I had had less blood loss (660 vs 3000 mL; P <.001) and less need for dialysis (0% vs 33%; P <.001) than those in group II. The median follow-up was 21 months (interquartile range, 6-45 months). The overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival was 76%, 52%, and 41%, respectively, and was similar between groups (28 vs 22 months; P =.48). Late mortality was not related to the aorta. Conclusions: LAR after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair has been encountered more frequently in clinical practice, likely driven by the frequency of EVAR. However, most LARs, including those after previous OR, can now be salvaged with endovascular techniques with lower morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Endovascular repair
  • FEVAR
  • Infrarenal aortic aneurysm
  • Late aortic rupture
  • Open repair
  • Repeat rupture
  • Rupture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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