Objective To evaluate the presentation, therapeutic management, and long-term outcome of children with very early-onset (VEO) (≤5 years of age) inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Study design Data were obtained from an inception cohort of 1928 children with IBD enrolled in a prospective observational registry at multiple centers in North America. Results One hundred twelve children were ≤5 years of age with no child enrolled at <1 year of age. Of those, 42.9% had Crohn's disease (CD), 46.4% ulcerative colitis (UC), and 10.7% had IBD-unclassified. Among the children with CD, children 1-5 years of age had more isolated colonic disease (39.6%) compared with 6- to 10-year-olds (25.3%, P =.04), and 11- to 16-year-olds (22.3%, P <.01). The change from a presenting colon-only phenotype to ileocolonic began at 6-10 years. Children 1-5 years of age with CD had milder disease activity (45.8%) at diagnosis compared with the oldest group (28%, P =.01). Five years postdiagnosis, there was no difference in disease activity among the 3 groups. However, compared with the oldest group, a greater proportion of 1- to 5-year-olds with CD were receiving corticosteroids (P <.01) and methotrexate (P <.01), and a greater proportion of 1- to 5-year-olds with UC were receiving mesalamine (P <.0001) and thiopurine immunomodulators (P <.0002). Conclusions Children with VEO-CD are more likely to have mild disease at diagnosis and present with a colonic phenotype with change to an ileocolonic phenotype noted at 6-10 years of age. Five years after diagnosis, children with VEO-CD and VEO-UC are more likely to have been administered corticosteroids and immunomodulators despite similar disease activity in all age groups. This may suggest development of a more aggressive disease phenotype over time.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health