Clinical manifestations and survival rates among patients with saccular intracranial aneurysms: Population-based study in Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1965 to 1995

Vanessa V. Menghini, Robert D. Brown, Jo Rean D. Sicks, W. Michael O'Fallon, David O. Wiebers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To report presenting clinical symptoms, previous medical history, and survival rates for people with saccular intracranial aneurysms (IAs), in a defined population. METHODS: The medical records of all residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, with possible IAs were reviewed. Clinical manifestations at the time of diagnosis, previous medical history, demographic factors, and survival rates after diagnosis were determined. RESULTS: Of 270 people with IAs detected between 1965 and 1995, 188 exhibited symptoms at the time of diagnosis, including 74% of women and 63% of men (P = 0.054). Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) was the most common presenting symptom (60% of all patients and 86% of patients who exhibited symptoms), followed by cranial nerve palsy, transient ischemic attacks, and seizures. Survival rates after detection (with the exclusion of cases that were first detected during autopsies) were dependent on the occurrence of ICH; 23% of patients who presented with ICH died by 1 day after diagnosis, compared with 5% of those who did not exhibit symptoms or exhibited symptoms but without ICH at presentation. At 5 years, 44.7% of patients with hemorrhage had died, compared with 29.4% of patients with symptoms other than hemorrhage. After the first 24 hours after detection, survival rates did not differ significantly for those presenting with or without hemorrhage. Predictors of better survival rates also included lower age and later calendar year of presentation. CONCLUSION: This study provides the first data on aneurysm characteristics, clinical symptoms, and survival rates among people with IAs in a defined population. During the study period, most aneurysms were detected in the context of an aneurysm-related symptom (particularly among women), with a large proportion of patients presenting with ICH. After the acute phase of hemorrhage, long-term survival rates among people with IAs were similar for those presenting with or without ICH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-258
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2001

Keywords

  • Intracranial aneurysm
  • Population-based
  • Presentation
  • Survival
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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