The mechanisms underlying aneuploidy in multiple myeloma (MM) are unclear. Centrosome amplification has been implicated as the cause of chromosomal instability in a variety of tumors and is a potential mechanism causing aneuploidy in MM. Using immunofluorescent (IF) staining, centrosome amplification was detected in 67% of monoclonal gammopathies, including monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS).We also investigated the gene expression of centrosome proteins. Overall, gene expression data correlated well with IFdetected centrosome amplification, allowing us to derive a gene expression-based centrosome index (CI) as a surrogate for centrosome amplification. Clinically, MM patients with high CI (> 4) are associated with poor prognostic genetic and clinical subtypes (chromosome 13 deletion, t(4; 14), t(14;16), and PCLI > 1%, P < .05) and are shown here to have short survival (11.1 months versus 39.1 months, P < .001). On multivariate regression, a high CI is an independent prognostic factor. Given that centrosome amplification is already observed in MGUS and probably integral to early chromosomal instability and myeloma genesis, and patients with more extensive centrosome amplification have shorter survival, the mechanisms leading to centrosome amplification should be investigated because these may offer new avenues for therapeutic intervention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology