Clinical Impact of the Refit CKD-EPI 2021 Creatinine-Based eGFR Equation

Jeffrey W. Meeusen, Ramla N. Kasozi, Timothy S. Larson, John C. Lieske

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: The National Kidney Foundation recently endorsed the refit Chronic Kidney Disease Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using creatinine, age and sex [2021 eGFRCr(AS)] without a coefficient for race. We evaluated the impact of adopting the 2021 eGFRCr(AS) equation or a variation of the 2009 CKD-EPI eGFR equation without race [2009 CKD-EPI eGFRCr(ASR-NB)] compared to the original CKD-EPI eGFR [2009 eGFRCr(ASR)]. METHODS: The studied population included patients with a clinically ordered iothalamate clearance (n = 33 889). Bias was assessed as the difference between measured and estimated GFR, P30 was defined as the percentage of estimates within 30% of measured GFR, and concordance was determined according to relevant clinical thresholds. RESULTS: Among Black patients, the median bias for 2009 eGFRCr(ASR), 2009 eGFRCr(ASR-NB), and 2021 eGFRCr(AS) was -1.32 mL min-1 (1.73 m2)-1 (95CI -2.46 to -0.26), -8.81 mL min-1 (1.73 m2)-1 (95CI -9.93 to -7.58), and -6.08 mL min-1 (1.73 m2)-1 (95CI -7.18 to -4.92), respectively. The median bias among non-Black patients was -0.15 m min-1 (1.73 m2)-1 (95CI -0.84 to -0.08) for 2021 eGFRcr(AS) compared to -3.09 mL min-1 (1.73 m2)-1 (95CI -3.17 to -3.03) for the 2009 eGFRCr(ASR). P30 and concordance were not significantly different in either racial group. The net reclassification improvement at a measured GFR <20 mL min-1 (1.73 m2)-1 was 6.4% (95CI 0.36 to 12.4) for Black patients and -5.1% (95CI -6.0 to -4.1) for non-Black patients using the 2021 eGFRCr(AS) equation. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the change in reported eGFR was minimal. However, these changes led to significant reclassification improvements at lower eGFR, which will indirectly improve equitable access to CKD resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-539
Number of pages6
JournalClinical chemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 31 2022


  • kidney function
  • race
  • renal disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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