Clinical features of 39 patients with antibodies to extractable nuclear antigens despite negative antinuclear antibodies: Evidence for autoimmunity including neurologic and connective tissue diseases

John M. Davis, Kevin G. Moder, Henry A. Homburger, Steven R. Ytterberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) rarely presents with a negative antinuclear antibody (ANA). Although antibodies to extractable nuclear antigens (ENA) are sometimes ordered despite a negative ANA, it is unclear if this contributes to the diagnosis of SLE or other forms of connective tissue disease (CTD). We reviewed 39 patients with anti-ENA antibodies despite a negative ANA during a 1-year period to determine the presence of SLE or other CTD. Several patients had clinical features suggestive of CTD, including 1 with possible SLE. A number of patients had neurologic disorders, especially peripheral neuropathy. In this study, the finding of anti-ENA despite negative ANA was associated with neurologic disorders and CTD. This may represent test bias or false-positive anti-ENA assays or false-negative ANA assays, or may imply immune-related mechanisms not previously described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-217
Number of pages10
JournalMedicine
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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