Clinical detection of depression among community-based elderly people with self-reported symptoms of depression

Judith Garrard, Sharon Judith Rolnick, Nicole M. Nitz, Lori Luepke, Jody Jackson, Lucy Rose Fischer, Cynthia Leibson, Patricia C. Bland, Richard Heinrich, Lance A. Waller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Depression is under-diagnosed and under-treated in the primary care sector. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between self-reported indications of depression by community- dwelling elderly enrollees in a managed care organization and clinical detection of depression by primary care clinicians. Methods. This was a 2- year cohort study of elderly people (n = 3410) who responded to the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) at the midpoint of the study period. A broad measure of clinical detection was used consisting of one or more of three indicators: diagnosis of depression, visit to a mental health specialist, or antidepressant medication treatment. Results. Approximately half of the community-based elderly people with self-reported indications of depression (GDS ≤ 11) did not have documentation of clinical detection of depression by health providers. PhySician recognition of depression tended to increase with the severity of enrollees' self-reported feelings of depression. Men 65-74 years old and those ≤85 years old were at highest risk for under-detection of depression by primary care providers. Conclusions. Clinical detection of depression of elderly people living in the community continues to be a problem. The implications of failure to recognize the possibility of depression among elderly White men suggest a serious public health problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume53
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998

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Depression
Primary Health Care
Geriatrics
Independent Living
Managed Care Programs
Documentation
Antidepressive Agents
Mental Health
Emotions
Cohort Studies
Public Health
Organizations
Physicians
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging

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Clinical detection of depression among community-based elderly people with self-reported symptoms of depression. / Garrard, Judith; Rolnick, Sharon Judith; Nitz, Nicole M.; Luepke, Lori; Jackson, Jody; Fischer, Lucy Rose; Leibson, Cynthia; Bland, Patricia C.; Heinrich, Richard; Waller, Lance A.

In: Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, Vol. 53, No. 2, 1998.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garrard, J, Rolnick, SJ, Nitz, NM, Luepke, L, Jackson, J, Fischer, LR, Leibson, C, Bland, PC, Heinrich, R & Waller, LA 1998, 'Clinical detection of depression among community-based elderly people with self-reported symptoms of depression', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 53, no. 2.
Garrard, Judith ; Rolnick, Sharon Judith ; Nitz, Nicole M. ; Luepke, Lori ; Jackson, Jody ; Fischer, Lucy Rose ; Leibson, Cynthia ; Bland, Patricia C. ; Heinrich, Richard ; Waller, Lance A. / Clinical detection of depression among community-based elderly people with self-reported symptoms of depression. In: Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 1998 ; Vol. 53, No. 2.
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