Clinical decision-making that best serves the interests of our patients requires the synthesis of evidence-based medicine, sound clinical judgment and guidelines. However, a relatively low percentage of clinical guidelines are based on well-designed prospective randomized clinical trials. Thus the foundation on which good clinical outcomes can be reasonably expected should be based on i) data derived from the most applicable and highest quality clinical studies available, and ii) ‘tried and tested’ clinical maxims acquired through experience that are, in turn, those ideas that are in keeping with a reasonable body of medical opinion. It follows that poor decision-making and unfavorable clinical outcomes can be linked to inappropriate or inferior quality evidence, or incorrectly conceived or implemented clinical judgment. Here we review selected areas of recent controversy in clinical cardiology, highlighting the critical role of evidence-based medicine when making informed clinical decisions to help avoid harm in our patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine