Clinical course and lung function change of idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia

I. N. Park, Y. Jegal, D. S. Kim, K. H. Do, B. Yoo, T. S. Shim, C. M. Lim, S. D. Lee, Y. Koh, W. S. Kim, W. D. Kim, S. J. Jang, M. Kitaichi, A. G. Nicholson, T. V. Colby

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83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most studies of idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) have primarily studied mortality. In order to clarify the detailed outcome and prognostic markers in idiopathic NSIP, the clinical course with initial radiological and clinical features was analysed. The clinical course of 83 patients who were classified with idiopathic NSIP (72 fibrotic, 11 cellular; 27 males and 56 females; mean±SD age 54.4±10.1 yrs) was retrospectively analysed. In fibrotic NSIP, 16 (22%) patients died of NSIP-related causes with a median (range) follow-up of 53 (0.3-181) months. Despite the favourable survival (5-yr 74%), patients with fibrotic NSIP were frequently hospitalised with recurrence rate of 36%. Reduced forced vital capacity at 12 months was a predictor of mortality. On follow-up, lung function was improved or stable in ∼80% of the patients. The extent of consolidation and ground-glass opacity on initial high-resolution computed tomography correlated significantly with serial changes of lung function, and the presence of honeycombing was a predictor of poor prognosis. During follow-up, eight (10%) patients developed collagen vascular disease. In conclusion, the overall prognosis of fibrotic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia was good; however, there were significant recurrences despite initial improvement and a subset of the patients did not respond to therapy. Some patients developed collagen vascular diseases at a later date. Copyright

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-76
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Clinical course
  • Fibrotic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia
  • Pulmonary function test
  • Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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    Park, I. N., Jegal, Y., Kim, D. S., Do, K. H., Yoo, B., Shim, T. S., Lim, C. M., Lee, S. D., Koh, Y., Kim, W. S., Kim, W. D., Jang, S. J., Kitaichi, M., Nicholson, A. G., & Colby, T. V. (2009). Clinical course and lung function change of idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia. European Respiratory Journal, 33(1), 68-76. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00158507