Clinical Correlation of Multiple Sclerosis Immunopathologic Subtypes

W. Oliver Tobin, Alicja Kalinowska-Lyszczarz, Stephen D. Weigand, Yong Guo, Nirubol Tosakulwong, Joseph E. Parisi, Imke Metz, Josa M. Frischer, Hans Lassmann, Wolfgang Brück, Linda Linbo, Claudia F. Lucchinetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this work was to compare clinical characteristics across immunopathologic subtypes of patients with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Immunopathologic subtyping was performed on specimens from 547 patients with biopsy- or autopsy-confirmed CNS demyelination. RESULTS: The frequency of immunopathologic subtypes was 23% for pattern I, 56% for pattern II, and 22% for pattern III. Immunopatterns were similar in terms of age at autopsy/biopsy (median age 41 years, range 4-83 years, p = 0.16) and proportion female (54%, p = 0.71). Median follow-up after symptom onset was 2.3 years (range 0-38 years). In addition to being overrepresented among autopsy cases (45% vs 19% in biopsy cohort, p < 0.001), index attack-related disability was higher in pattern III vs II (median Expanded Disability Status Scale score 4 vs 3, p = 0.02). Monophasic clinical course was more common in patients with pattern III than pattern I or II (59% vs 33% vs 32%, p < 0.001). Similarly, patients with pattern III pathology were likely to have progressive disease compared to patients with patterns I or II when followed up for ≥5 years (24% overall, p = 0.49), with no differences in long-term survival, despite a more fulminant attack presentation. CONCLUSION: All 3 immunopatterns can be detected in active lesions, although they are found less frequently later into the disease due to the lower number of active lesions. Pattern III is associated with a more fulminant initial attack than either pattern I or II. Biopsied patients appear to have similar long-term outcomes regardless of their immunopatterns. Progressive disease is less associated with the initial immunopattern and suggests convergence into a final common pathway related to the chronically denuded axon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1906-e1913
JournalNeurology
Volume97
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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