Clinical considerations in the management of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis

Philipp Taussky, Ricardo A. Hanel, Fredric B. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Incidental findings pose considerable management dilemmas for the treating physician and psychological burden for the respective patient. With an aging population, more patients will be diagnosed with asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis. Patients will have to be counseled with regard to treatment options according to their individual risk profile and according to professionals' knowledge of evidence-based data derived from large randomized control trials. Treatment consensus has long been lacking for patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis prior to any randomized controlled trials. Additionally, an individual's risk profile may be hard to assess according to knowledge gained from randomized controlled trials. Moreover, while earlier studies compared carotid endarterectomy and medical therapy, in the past years, a new therapeutic modality, carotid artery angioplasty and stenting, has emerged as a possible alternative. This has been evaluated in a recent randomized controlled trial, the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST), which compared carotid endarterectomy with angioplasty and stenting in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The following review summarizes current knowledge of the natural history, diagnosis, and treatment strategies to counsel patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberE7
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Carotid occlusive disease
  • Evidence-based medicine
  • Revascularization
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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