Clinical cases in acute intoxication.

Sean B. Smith, Jennifer Maguire, Karen F. Mauck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Over 2.5 million accidental and intentional drug-related poisonings are reported annually in the United States. Early diagnosis and management of patients who present with acute intoxication can significantly reduce both morbidity and mortality. The initial evaluation of patients with suspected or proven intoxications should focus on hemodynamic stability, mental status, and respiratory function. However, early recognition of toxic ingestion is paramount to implementing life-saving treatments. Important historical clues are often found in a social history that considers intravenous drug use, alcohol use, and any access or exposure to illicit substances. A patient's medication list should also be scrutinized for psychoactive or sedative medications, such as tricyclic antidepressants or opioids. In this article we present case-based discussions of the specific diagnosis and management of 5 commonly occurring acute intoxication syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-92
Number of pages9
JournalHospital practice (1995)
Volume37
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Tricyclic Antidepressive Agents
Poisons
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Poisoning
Opioid Analgesics
Early Diagnosis
Eating
Hemodynamics
History
Alcohols
Morbidity
Mortality
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Smith, S. B., Maguire, J., & Mauck, K. F. (2009). Clinical cases in acute intoxication. Hospital practice (1995), 37(1), 84-92.

Clinical cases in acute intoxication. / Smith, Sean B.; Maguire, Jennifer; Mauck, Karen F.

In: Hospital practice (1995), Vol. 37, No. 1, 12.2009, p. 84-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, SB, Maguire, J & Mauck, KF 2009, 'Clinical cases in acute intoxication.', Hospital practice (1995), vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 84-92.
Smith SB, Maguire J, Mauck KF. Clinical cases in acute intoxication. Hospital practice (1995). 2009 Dec;37(1):84-92.
Smith, Sean B. ; Maguire, Jennifer ; Mauck, Karen F. / Clinical cases in acute intoxication. In: Hospital practice (1995). 2009 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 84-92.
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