Clinical, biological, radiological, and pathological comparison of sparsely and densely granulated somatotroph adenomas: a single center experience from a cohort of 131 patients with acromegaly

Amy A. Swanson, Dana Erickson, Diane Mary Donegan, Sarah M. Jenkins, Jamie Van Gompel, John Atkinson, Bradley J. Erickson, Caterina Giannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Growth hormone-producing pituitary adenomas are divided into two clinically relevant histologic subtypes, densely (DG-A) and sparsely (SG-A) granulated. Histologic subtype was evaluated in a large cohort of patients with acromegaly, separating DG-A and SG-A, and correlated with clinicopathological characteristics. Methods: Patients with acromegaly undergoing surgery as initial therapy between 1995 and 2015 were identified. Histologic subtype was determined by keratin expression pattern with CAM5.2 and correlated with clinical and imaging parameters, somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SST2) expression, post-surgical remission rate, and application of a prognostic scoring system incorporating proliferation and invasiveness. Results: One hundred thirty-one patients were included. Tumors were classified as DG-A (75, 57.3%), SG-A (29, 22.1%), intermediate (I-A) (9, 6.9%), and unclassified (18, 13.7%) when CAM5.2 was negative. DG-A and I-A were combined for analysis (DG/I-A) and compared to SG-A. Age, gender, proliferation, and post-surgical remission did not differ. SG-A were larger [2 vs. 1.5 cm (median), p = 0.03], more frequently invasive [65.5% vs. 32.9%, p = 0.004], associated with higher MRI T2-weighted signal ratio [1.01 vs. 0.82 (median), p = 0.01], showed lower SST2 expression (p < 0.0001), and scored higher in the prognostic classification (p = 0.004). Surgical remission occurred in 41.7% DG/I-A and 41.4% SG-A (p = 1.0). On multivariate analysis, absence of invasion (p = 0.009) and lower pre-operative IGF-1 index (p = 0.0002) were associated with post-surgical remission. Conclusion: CAM5.2 allowed distinction between DG/I-A and SG-A in most but not all cases. Histologic subtype did not predict surgical outcome. Absence of invasion and lower pre-operative IGF-1 index were the only significant predictors of post-surgical remission in this cohort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPituitary
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Acromegaly
  • Densely granulated
  • Growth hormone-producing pituitary adenoma
  • Somatotroph adenoma
  • Sparsely granulated

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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