Clinical and histopathological features of adult patients with dermatomyositis and melanoma differentiation associated-5 autoantibody seropositivity status, as determined by commercially available testing: a retrospective, single-institution comparative cohort study

H. Shakshouk, M. A. Deschaine, D. A. Wetter, L. A. Drage, F. C. Ernste, J. S. Lehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although melanoma differentiation associated (MDA)-5 autoantibodies have been widely explored in dermatomyositis (DM), most studies have relied on MDA-5 autoantibody testing performed in research settings, rather than the now-available commercial laboratory tests. Aim: To characterize the clinical and histopathological data in patients with DM and circulating MDA-5 autoantibodies, as defined by commercially available testing. Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients with DM who underwent MDA-5 antibody testing. All available skin biopsy slides were reviewed. Results: Cutaneous features more prevalent in MDA-5-positive DM included Raynaud phenomenon (RP) (P < 0.001), cutaneous ulcerations (P = 0.01), mechanic hands (P < 0.02), palmar papules (P < 0.01), oral ulcers (P = 0.024) and alopecia (P = 0.03). Joint and pulmonary involvement were more common in patients with MDA-5-positive DM (both P < 0.001) as was dysphagia (P < 0.01). Myopathy (P = 0.4) and malignancy (P = 0.34) were not statistically different between the cohorts. Vasculopathy was more common in MDA-5-positive DM (P < 0.01), while spongiosis was less common (P < 0.02). Conclusion: This study not only confirms some known associations between disease manifestations and MDA-5 autoantibody status, as determined by commercially available tests, but also identifies new associations, including RP and dysphagia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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