Clinical and echocardiographic factors associated with mitral plasticity in patients with chronic inferior myocardial infarction

Nydia Ávila-Vanzzini, Hector I Michelena, Juan Francisco Fritche Salazar, Héctor Herrera-Bello, Silvia Siu Moguel, Rubén Rafael Rodríguez Ocampo, Diego Javier Oregel Camacho, Nilda Espínola Zavaleta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims Ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is consequence of left ventricular (LV) remodelling after myocardial infarction. In some cases, the mitral valve enlarges to compensate for LV remodelling and tenting, improving its coaptation; a process termed plasticity'. We sought to identify clinical and echocardiographic factors associated with plasticity in patients with chronic inferior myocardial infarction (CII). Methods and results This study included 91 revascularized CII patients and 46 controls. Plasticity and IMR severity were evaluated by 2D transthoracic echocardiography. Compared with controls, CII patients were older (59 vs. 25 years) and mostly men (80% vs. 46%), both P < 0.001. Chronic inferior myocardial infarction patients also had significant LV remodelling: larger LV volumes, larger mitral tenting areas, larger coaptation depths, longer mitral leaflets and chords, and worse mitral regurgitation (all P ≤ 0.03). Of 91 CII patients, 60 had mitral plasticity (longer anterior and posterior leaflets and longer posterior chords, all P < 0.001), despite not exhibiting significantly larger LV volumes, tenting area or coaptation depth, when compared with patients with no plasticity. Contralateral (anterior) papillary muscle-to-annulus length tended to be increased in CII plasticity patients (P = 0.05). Also they had less moderate and severe IMR (both P < 0.04) compared with non-plasticity CII patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated independent associations between plasticity and smoking [odds ratio (OR) 0.03, 0.002-0.57; P = 0.019], duration of type-2 diabetes (OR 1.19, 1.007-1.42; P = 0.04) and haemoglobin (OR 2.17, 1.25-3.76; P = 0.005). Conclusion Mitral plasticity results in less moderate and severe IMR. Longer time-duration of diabetes mellitus and higher haemoglobin level are independently associated with mitral plasticity, while smoking independently associates with no plasticity. Increased anterior papillary muscle-to-annulus length in CII patients with plasticity suggests complex LV remodelling mechanisms are involved in plasticity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-515
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • echocardiography
  • inferior myocardial infarction
  • ischaemic mitral regurgitation
  • mitral plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Ávila-Vanzzini, N., Michelena, H. I., Fritche Salazar, J. F., Herrera-Bello, H., Moguel, S. S., Ocampo, R. R. R., Camacho, D. J. O., & Zavaleta, N. E. (2018). Clinical and echocardiographic factors associated with mitral plasticity in patients with chronic inferior myocardial infarction. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 19(5), 508-515. https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jey021