Background: Although endothelial cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are postulated to play a key role in early atherosclerosis, studies on endothelial CAMs are mainly pertained to middle-aged populations and populations with an unfavourable cardiovascular risk burden. Therefore, this study evaluated whether circulating endothelial CAMs are related to cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) derived indicators of arterial wall alterations in a random sample of young adults from the general population. Methods: This cross-sectional study is part of the general-population-based Atherosclerosis-Monitoring-and-Biomarker-measurements-In-The-YOuNg (AMBITYON) cohort study. In 131 adults (age: 25-35 years), demography, anthropometry and a lipid spectrum was acquired. Thoracic aortic wall area, wall thickness and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured using a 3 T CMR-system. From stored blood samples, four CAMs (E-selectin, P-selectin, vascular CAM-1 and intercellular CAM-1) were measured using dedicated methods. Linear mixed-effects regression analysis was used to evaluate the relation of these CAMs with the selected aortic characteristics. Results: Of the studied endothelial CAMs, P-selectin related to natural logarithm transformed aortic wall thickness (β = 0.18 mm/(μg/ml), [95% confidence interval: 0.04, 0.31], p = 0.01) whereas E-selectin related to natural logarithm transformed aortic PWV (β = 3.01 (m/s)/(μg/ml), [95% confidence interval: 0.08, 5.95], p = 0.04). Of note, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 did not relate to the selected aortic characteristics. Conclusions: In young adults from the general population, circulating P-selectin and E-selectin levels appear positively related to CMR-derived aortic wall thickness and PWV, possibly pointing towards atherogenic inflammatory arterial wall alterations inflicted by these CAMs already in young adulthood. Trial registration: Netherlands National Trial Register (NTR): NTR4742, Registered 18 August 2014, retrospectively registered.
- Adhesion molecules
- Young adults
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine