Circulating free nitrotyrosine in obstructive sleep apnea

Anna Svatikova, Robert Wolk, Hui H. Wang, Maria E. Otto, Kevin A. Bybee, Ravinder J. Singh, Virend K. Somers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been increasingly linked to cardiovascular disease, endothelial dysfunction, and oxidative stress, generated by repetitive nocturnal hypoxemia and reperfusion. Circulating free nitrotyrosine has been reported as a novel biomarker of nitric oxide (NO)-induced oxidative/nitrosative stress. Nitrosative stress has been implicated as a possible mechanism for development of cardiovascular diseases. We tested the hypothesis that repetitive severe hypoxemia resulting from OSA would increase NO-mediated oxidative stress. We studied 10 men with newly diagnosed moderate to severe OSA who were free of other diseases, had never been treated for OSA, and were taking no medications. Nitrotyrosine measurements, performed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, were made before and after untreated apneic sleep. We compared free nitrotyrosine levels in these patients with those obtained at similar times in 10 healthy male control subjects without OSA, with similar age and body mass index. Evening baseline nitrotyrosine levels were similar before sleep in the control and OSA groups [0.16 ± 0.01 and 0.15 ± 0.01 ng/ml, respectively, P = not significant (NS)]. Neither normal nor disturbed apneic sleep led to significant changes of plasma nitrotyrosine (morning levels: control group 0.14 ± 0.01 ng/ml; OSA group 0.15 ± 0.01 ng/ml, P = NS). OSA was not accompanied by increased circulating free nitrotyrosine either at baseline or after sleep. This observation suggests that repetitive hypoxemia during OSA does not result in increased NO-mediated oxidative/nitrosative stress in otherwise healthy subjects with OSA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R284-R287
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume287
Issue number2 56-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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