Circadian variation of the pancreatic islet transcriptome

Kuntol Rakshit, Jingyi Qian, Jason Ernst, Aleksey V. Matveyenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pancreatic islet failure is a characteristic feature of impaired glucose control in diabetes mellitus. Circadian control of islet function is essential for maintaining proper glucose homeostasis. Circadian variations in transcriptional pathways have been described in diverse cell types and shown to be critical for optimization of cellular function in vivo. In the current study, we utilized Short Time Series Expression Miner (STEM) analysis to identify diurnally expressed transcripts and biological pathways from mouse islets isolated at 4 h intervals throughout the 24 h light-dark cycle. STEM analysis identified 19 distinct chronological model profiles, and genes belonging to each profile were subsequently annotated to significantly enriched Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes biological pathways. Several transcriptional pathways essential for proper islet function (e.g., insulin secretion, oxidative phosphorylation), cell survival (e.g., insulin signaling, apoptosis) and cell proliferation (DNA replication, homologous recombination) demonstrated significant time-dependent variations. Notably, KEGG pathway analysis revealed “protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum - mmu04141” as one of the most enriched time-dependent pathways in islets. This study provides unique data set on time-dependent diurnal profiles of islet gene expression and biological pathways, and suggests that diurnal variation of the islet transcriptome is an important feature of islet homeostasis, which should be taken into consideration for optimal experimental design and interpretation of future islet studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-687
Number of pages11
JournalPhysiological Genomics
Volume48
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Circadian
  • Circadian rhythms
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Islet
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics

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