Chimeric Peptide Species Contribute to Divergent Dipeptide Repeat Pathology in c9ALS/FTD and SCA36

Neuro–CEB Neuropathology Network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat expansions (HREs) in C9orf72 cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and lead to the production of aggregating dipeptide repeat proteins (DPRs) via repeat associated non-AUG (RAN) translation. Here, we show the similar intronic GGCCTG HREs that causes spinocerebellar ataxia type 36 (SCA36) is also translated into DPRs, including poly(GP) and poly(PR). We demonstrate that poly(GP) is more abundant in SCA36 compared to c9ALS/FTD patient tissue due to canonical AUG-mediated translation from intron-retained GGCCTG repeat RNAs. However, the frequency of the antisense RAN translation product poly(PR) is comparable between c9ALS/FTD and SCA36 patient samples. Interestingly, in SCA36 patient tissue, poly(GP) exists as a soluble species, and no TDP-43 pathology is present. We show that aggregate-prone chimeric DPR (cDPR) species underlie the divergent DPR pathology between c9ALS/FTD and SCA36. These findings reveal key differences in translation, solubility, and protein aggregation of DPRs between c9ALS/FTD and SCA36.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-305.e6
JournalNeuron
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 22 2020

Keywords

  • ALS
  • C9orf72 expansion
  • FTD
  • RAN translation
  • SCA36
  • antisense oligonucleotide therapy
  • chimeric DPRs
  • dipeptide repeats
  • neurodegeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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