Children as victims of war: Current knowledge and future research needs

P. S. Jensen, J. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent international events have drawn attention to the effects of war- related events and processes on children and their families. This review of the literature concerning the existence, frequency, and type of social, emotional, and behavioral problems in children exposed to war indicates significant methodological problems in previous research. Available evidence suggests that massive exposure to wartime trauma seems likely to overwhelm most children's defenses; however, children's cognitive immaturity, plasticity, and innate adaptive capacities may mitigate war's effects in low- to-moderately intense wartime settings, resulting in self-protective, adaptive, cognitive styles that allow effective functioning after acclimatization. Promising recent research has shifted from the focus on psychopathology to social awareness, values, and attitudes. More research will be needed to determine how age, developmental, family, and community factors may mediate the strength and nature of wartime effects, and to determine which interventions are most effective in a variety of settings and cultural contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)697-708
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume32
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Research
Acclimatization
Social Problems
Psychopathology
Warfare
Wounds and Injuries
Problem Behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Children as victims of war : Current knowledge and future research needs. / Jensen, P. S.; Shaw, J.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1993, p. 697-708.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{375da6764b18401ebdef9ec61a8438b5,
title = "Children as victims of war: Current knowledge and future research needs",
abstract = "Recent international events have drawn attention to the effects of war- related events and processes on children and their families. This review of the literature concerning the existence, frequency, and type of social, emotional, and behavioral problems in children exposed to war indicates significant methodological problems in previous research. Available evidence suggests that massive exposure to wartime trauma seems likely to overwhelm most children's defenses; however, children's cognitive immaturity, plasticity, and innate adaptive capacities may mitigate war's effects in low- to-moderately intense wartime settings, resulting in self-protective, adaptive, cognitive styles that allow effective functioning after acclimatization. Promising recent research has shifted from the focus on psychopathology to social awareness, values, and attitudes. More research will be needed to determine how age, developmental, family, and community factors may mediate the strength and nature of wartime effects, and to determine which interventions are most effective in a variety of settings and cultural contexts.",
author = "Jensen, {P. S.} and J. Shaw",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "697--708",
journal = "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry",
issn = "0890-8567",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Children as victims of war

T2 - Current knowledge and future research needs

AU - Jensen, P. S.

AU - Shaw, J.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Recent international events have drawn attention to the effects of war- related events and processes on children and their families. This review of the literature concerning the existence, frequency, and type of social, emotional, and behavioral problems in children exposed to war indicates significant methodological problems in previous research. Available evidence suggests that massive exposure to wartime trauma seems likely to overwhelm most children's defenses; however, children's cognitive immaturity, plasticity, and innate adaptive capacities may mitigate war's effects in low- to-moderately intense wartime settings, resulting in self-protective, adaptive, cognitive styles that allow effective functioning after acclimatization. Promising recent research has shifted from the focus on psychopathology to social awareness, values, and attitudes. More research will be needed to determine how age, developmental, family, and community factors may mediate the strength and nature of wartime effects, and to determine which interventions are most effective in a variety of settings and cultural contexts.

AB - Recent international events have drawn attention to the effects of war- related events and processes on children and their families. This review of the literature concerning the existence, frequency, and type of social, emotional, and behavioral problems in children exposed to war indicates significant methodological problems in previous research. Available evidence suggests that massive exposure to wartime trauma seems likely to overwhelm most children's defenses; however, children's cognitive immaturity, plasticity, and innate adaptive capacities may mitigate war's effects in low- to-moderately intense wartime settings, resulting in self-protective, adaptive, cognitive styles that allow effective functioning after acclimatization. Promising recent research has shifted from the focus on psychopathology to social awareness, values, and attitudes. More research will be needed to determine how age, developmental, family, and community factors may mediate the strength and nature of wartime effects, and to determine which interventions are most effective in a variety of settings and cultural contexts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027215255&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027215255&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8340288

AN - SCOPUS:0027215255

VL - 32

SP - 697

EP - 708

JO - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

SN - 0890-8567

IS - 4

ER -