Chemotherapy for hormonally refractory advanced prostate carcinoma. A Comparison of combined versus sequential treatment with mitomycin C, doxorubicin, and 5‐fluorouracil

John A. Laurie, Richard G. Hahn, Terry M. Therneau, Shreyaskumar R. Patel, James A. Mailliard, Harold E. Windschitl, Donald I. Twito, Roscoe F. Morton, James E. Krook

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Abstract

One hundred forty‐two patients with progressive, hormonally refractory advanced prostate carcinoma who had not received prior chemotherapy were randomized to receive either combination chemotherapy with 5‐fluo‐rouracil (5‐FU), doxorubicin, and mitomycin C (FAM) or sequential chemotherapy with the same agents, i.e., mitomycin C, followed by doxorubicin on disease progression, followed by 5‐FU. Objective tumor regressions were observed in 10 of 70 (14%) patients receiving the FAM treatment arm and 10 of 72 (14%) patients initially receiving mitomycin C. Of the 24 patients who received secondary therapy with doxorubicin alone, 3 (12.5%) achieved objective tumor regression. There were no responses among five patients who received tertiary therapy with 5‐FU alone. The median survival time for all patients treated with the combination arm was 8.7 months, compared with 7.1 months for patients who received the FAM arm (P = 0.025). However, this modes! survival advantage in favor of the FAM treatment arm must be weighed against significantly more myelosuppression experienced by these patients. The chemotherapeutic regimens used in this study have only minor clinical value in the treatment of hormonally refractory advanced prostate cancer. Cancer 1992; 69:1440‐1444.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1440-1444
Number of pages5
JournalCancer
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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