Chemotherapy for colorectal cancer liver metastases

Steven R. Alberts, Lawrence D. Wagman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a highly prevalent malignant disease in industrialized nations. The annual incidence of invasive CRC in the U.S. is among the highest in the world, and the liver is the only metastatic site in approximately one third of patients. Without treatment, patients with metastatic disease have a poor prognosis; however, long-term survival benefits and even cure have been reported in patients undergoing surgical resection of metastases. In addition, advances in chemotherapy, imaging, and surgical techniques have increased the proportion of patients who are eligible for resection. Combination therapy with fluorouracil and leucovorin has been the mainstay of treatment for metastatic CRC; however, the introduction of newer agents, such as oxaliplatin and irinotecan, and targeted agents, such as cetuximab and bevacizumab, has yielded improvements in response rates (RRs) and survival. Maximizing the exposure of hepatic metastases to high target concentrations of cytotoxic drugs using hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) increases RRs further than with systemic chemotherapy; however, the impact of HAI on survival is unclear. As the goals of chemotherapeutic treatment for metastatic CRC increasingly shift from palliation to prolongation of survival, improvement in RRs, and downsizing of tumors in order to enable or optimize resection, treatment in a multidisciplinary environment involving a medical oncologist, radiologist, and surgical oncologist with hepatobiliary expertise will become central to deciding the best course of therapy and timing of surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1063-1073
Number of pages11
JournalOncologist
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2008

Keywords

  • 5-fluorouracil
  • Chemotherapy
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Liver metastases
  • Oxaliplatin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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