Chemokine and receptor-gene expression during early and late acute rejection episodes in human cardiac allografts

Nader M. Fahmy, Mohamad H. Yamani, Randall C. Starling, Norman B. Ratliff, James B. Young, Patrick M. McCarthy, Jingyuan Feng, Andrew C. Novick, Robert L. Fairchild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background. The expression levels of several chemokine genes in heart allografts correlate with histologic rejection grade. Potential molecular differences between early and late rejection (grade ≥2) episodes were examined by testing chemokine and receptor-gene expression. Methods. Expression of inducible protein (IP)-10, monokine induced by IFN-γ (Mig), interferon inducible-T cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), and their receptors CXCR3 and CCR5 was tested in 60 endomyocardial biopsies from 24 patients using quantitative (Taqman) real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The biopsies were taken in the first 3 months or from the 9th to the 12th month following transplantation. Results. IP-10, Mig, RANTES, CXCR3, and CCR5 expression levels were increased in the later versus earlier biopsies (P≤0.01) despite no change in histologic rejection-grade status. Conclusion. These results demonstrate significantly increased expression of T-cell chemoattractants in heart allografts during later rejection when compared with episodes occurring shortly after transplantation. The findings suggest increased intensity of inflammation in rejection occurring at later times posttransplant that are revealed by molecular analyses of the graft.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2044-2047
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation
Volume75
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 27 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Chemokine Receptors
Allografts
T-Lymphocytes
Gene Expression
Chemotactic Factors
Biopsy
CXCR3 Receptors
Transplantation
CCR5 Receptors
Monokines
Chemokines
Interferons
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Proteins
Inflammation
Transplants
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

Cite this

Fahmy, N. M., Yamani, M. H., Starling, R. C., Ratliff, N. B., Young, J. B., McCarthy, P. M., ... Fairchild, R. L. (2003). Chemokine and receptor-gene expression during early and late acute rejection episodes in human cardiac allografts. Transplantation, 75(12), 2044-2047.

Chemokine and receptor-gene expression during early and late acute rejection episodes in human cardiac allografts. / Fahmy, Nader M.; Yamani, Mohamad H.; Starling, Randall C.; Ratliff, Norman B.; Young, James B.; McCarthy, Patrick M.; Feng, Jingyuan; Novick, Andrew C.; Fairchild, Robert L.

In: Transplantation, Vol. 75, No. 12, 27.06.2003, p. 2044-2047.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fahmy, NM, Yamani, MH, Starling, RC, Ratliff, NB, Young, JB, McCarthy, PM, Feng, J, Novick, AC & Fairchild, RL 2003, 'Chemokine and receptor-gene expression during early and late acute rejection episodes in human cardiac allografts', Transplantation, vol. 75, no. 12, pp. 2044-2047.
Fahmy NM, Yamani MH, Starling RC, Ratliff NB, Young JB, McCarthy PM et al. Chemokine and receptor-gene expression during early and late acute rejection episodes in human cardiac allografts. Transplantation. 2003 Jun 27;75(12):2044-2047.
Fahmy, Nader M. ; Yamani, Mohamad H. ; Starling, Randall C. ; Ratliff, Norman B. ; Young, James B. ; McCarthy, Patrick M. ; Feng, Jingyuan ; Novick, Andrew C. ; Fairchild, Robert L. / Chemokine and receptor-gene expression during early and late acute rejection episodes in human cardiac allografts. In: Transplantation. 2003 ; Vol. 75, No. 12. pp. 2044-2047.
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AB - Background. The expression levels of several chemokine genes in heart allografts correlate with histologic rejection grade. Potential molecular differences between early and late rejection (grade ≥2) episodes were examined by testing chemokine and receptor-gene expression. Methods. Expression of inducible protein (IP)-10, monokine induced by IFN-γ (Mig), interferon inducible-T cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), and their receptors CXCR3 and CCR5 was tested in 60 endomyocardial biopsies from 24 patients using quantitative (Taqman) real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The biopsies were taken in the first 3 months or from the 9th to the 12th month following transplantation. Results. IP-10, Mig, RANTES, CXCR3, and CCR5 expression levels were increased in the later versus earlier biopsies (P≤0.01) despite no change in histologic rejection-grade status. Conclusion. These results demonstrate significantly increased expression of T-cell chemoattractants in heart allografts during later rejection when compared with episodes occurring shortly after transplantation. The findings suggest increased intensity of inflammation in rejection occurring at later times posttransplant that are revealed by molecular analyses of the graft.

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