Chemically assisted submucosal injection facilitates endoscopic submucosal dissection of gastric neoplasms

K. Sumiyama, H. Tajiri, C. J. Gostout, M. Kawamura, H. Imazu, T. R. Ohya, K. Ikeda, K. Goda, S. Saito, T. Kato

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and study aims: A randomized in vivo animal study previously demonstrated that topical injection of mesna solution (sodium-2- mercaptoethanesulfonate) chemically softened submucosal connective tissues and facilitated mechanical dissection of the submucosal tissue plane. The present study evaluated the technical feasibility and safety of chemically assisted endoscopic submucosal dissection (CA-ESD) using mesna in 20 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic excision of gastric neoplasm. Materials and methods: Following the margination of the lesion with a mucosal circumcision, 412mL of 10% mesna solution was injected into the submucosal layer. Mechanical submucosal dissection was then performed by bluntly cleaving the chemically treated submucosal layer with the tip of a cap-fitted gastroscope. The use of cautery was restricted to prophylactic hemostasis, dissection of the coagulated vessels and persistent submucosal tissues, and the final snare resection. Post-therapeutic ulceration repair and adverse events were followed up during a 1-week hospitalization and by repeat endoscopies at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month after the procedure. Results: Sixteen gastric cancers and four adenomas were treated in this study. The sampled tissue measured 38.2514.53mm, with an en bloc resection rate of 100%. Mean operation time was 21.1711.6 minutes. The time spent using cautery was limited to 26.1% of the total submucosal dissection time. Ulcerations healed normally without complications. Conclusions: This preliminary study demonstrates that submucosal injection of mesna facilitates and expedites mechanical submucosal dissection. The major limitations in this study include the single-arm study design and a small patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-632
Number of pages6
JournalEndoscopy
Volume42
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Sumiyama, K., Tajiri, H., Gostout, C. J., Kawamura, M., Imazu, H., Ohya, T. R., Ikeda, K., Goda, K., Saito, S., & Kato, T. (2010). Chemically assisted submucosal injection facilitates endoscopic submucosal dissection of gastric neoplasms. Endoscopy, 42(8), 627-632. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1244223