Characterization of the isolated 20 kDa and 50 kDa fragments of the myosin head

Andras Muhlrad, Andrzej A. Kasprzak, Kathleen Ue, Katalin Ajtai, Thomas P Burghardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have isolated two proteolytic fragments of subfragment 1 (S-1) of myosin from rabbit skeletal muscle. These fragments, identified by their molecular weights of 20 and 50 kDa, may be functional domains that, when isolated, retain their specific function. We have studied several structural and functional features of the 20 and 50 kDa fragments. Considerable secondary structure in both fragments has been observed in CD spectrum studies. Previously CD spectra showed 64% ordered structure for the 20 kDa fragment (Muhlrad and Morales, M.F. (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 81, 1003) and here we show 71% ordered structures for the 50 kDa fragment. Fluorescence lifetime studies fo tryptophan residues in the 50 kDa fragment and 1,5-IAEDANS-labeled SH-1 in the 20 kDa fragment are used to investigate the tertiary structure of the fragments. We find the tertiary structure relating to this measurement of both fragments to be intact; however, the reaction of 1,5-IAEDANS with SH-1 on the isolated 20 kDa fragment is less specific than with S-1. Furthermore, the fragments showed a tendency to aggregate. The domain concept of S-1 was supported by the characteristic biochemical function of the isolated fragments. Both of the fragments were effective in competing with S-1 for binding to actin in acto-S-1 ATPase measurements. From these studies and in direct binding measurement the 20 kDa fragment proved to bind with higher affinity to actin than did the 50 kDa fragment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-140
Number of pages13
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular
Volume869
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

pioglitazone
Myosins
Actins
Skeletal Muscle Myosins
Myosin Subfragments
Morale
Tryptophan
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Molecular Weight
Fluorescence
Rabbits
Muscle
Molecular weight
1,5-I-AEDANS

Keywords

  • (Rabbit skeletal muscle)
  • Actin binding
  • Domain structure
  • Myosin subfragment 1
  • Tryptophan fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Structural Biology

Cite this

Characterization of the isolated 20 kDa and 50 kDa fragments of the myosin head. / Muhlrad, Andras; Kasprzak, Andrzej A.; Ue, Kathleen; Ajtai, Katalin; Burghardt, Thomas P.

In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular, Vol. 869, No. 2, 30.01.1986, p. 128-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muhlrad, Andras ; Kasprzak, Andrzej A. ; Ue, Kathleen ; Ajtai, Katalin ; Burghardt, Thomas P. / Characterization of the isolated 20 kDa and 50 kDa fragments of the myosin head. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular. 1986 ; Vol. 869, No. 2. pp. 128-140.
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N2 - We have isolated two proteolytic fragments of subfragment 1 (S-1) of myosin from rabbit skeletal muscle. These fragments, identified by their molecular weights of 20 and 50 kDa, may be functional domains that, when isolated, retain their specific function. We have studied several structural and functional features of the 20 and 50 kDa fragments. Considerable secondary structure in both fragments has been observed in CD spectrum studies. Previously CD spectra showed 64% ordered structure for the 20 kDa fragment (Muhlrad and Morales, M.F. (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 81, 1003) and here we show 71% ordered structures for the 50 kDa fragment. Fluorescence lifetime studies fo tryptophan residues in the 50 kDa fragment and 1,5-IAEDANS-labeled SH-1 in the 20 kDa fragment are used to investigate the tertiary structure of the fragments. We find the tertiary structure relating to this measurement of both fragments to be intact; however, the reaction of 1,5-IAEDANS with SH-1 on the isolated 20 kDa fragment is less specific than with S-1. Furthermore, the fragments showed a tendency to aggregate. The domain concept of S-1 was supported by the characteristic biochemical function of the isolated fragments. Both of the fragments were effective in competing with S-1 for binding to actin in acto-S-1 ATPase measurements. From these studies and in direct binding measurement the 20 kDa fragment proved to bind with higher affinity to actin than did the 50 kDa fragment.

AB - We have isolated two proteolytic fragments of subfragment 1 (S-1) of myosin from rabbit skeletal muscle. These fragments, identified by their molecular weights of 20 and 50 kDa, may be functional domains that, when isolated, retain their specific function. We have studied several structural and functional features of the 20 and 50 kDa fragments. Considerable secondary structure in both fragments has been observed in CD spectrum studies. Previously CD spectra showed 64% ordered structure for the 20 kDa fragment (Muhlrad and Morales, M.F. (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 81, 1003) and here we show 71% ordered structures for the 50 kDa fragment. Fluorescence lifetime studies fo tryptophan residues in the 50 kDa fragment and 1,5-IAEDANS-labeled SH-1 in the 20 kDa fragment are used to investigate the tertiary structure of the fragments. We find the tertiary structure relating to this measurement of both fragments to be intact; however, the reaction of 1,5-IAEDANS with SH-1 on the isolated 20 kDa fragment is less specific than with S-1. Furthermore, the fragments showed a tendency to aggregate. The domain concept of S-1 was supported by the characteristic biochemical function of the isolated fragments. Both of the fragments were effective in competing with S-1 for binding to actin in acto-S-1 ATPase measurements. From these studies and in direct binding measurement the 20 kDa fragment proved to bind with higher affinity to actin than did the 50 kDa fragment.

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