Characterization of remitting and relapsing hyperglycemia in post-renal-transplant recipients

Alireza Boloori, Soroush Saghafian, Harini M Chakkera, Curtiss B. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Hyperglycemia following solid organ transplant is common among patients without preexisting diabetes mellitus (DM). Post-transplant hyperglycemia can occur once or multiple times, which if continued, causes new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT). Objective To study if the first and recurrent incidence of hyperglycemia are affected differently by immunosuppressive regimens, demographic and medical-related risk factors, and inpatient hyperglycemic conditions (i.e., an emphasis on the time course of post-transplant complications). Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of 407 patients who underwent kidney transplantation at Mayo Clinic Arizona. Among these, there were 292 patients with no signs of DM prior to transplant. For this category of patients, we evaluated the impact of (1) immunosuppressive drugs (e.g., tacrolimus, sirolimus, and steroid), (2) demographic and medical-related risk factors, and (3) inpatient hyperglycemic conditions on the first and recurrent incidence of hyperglycemia in one year post-transplant. We employed two versions of Cox regression analyses: (1) a time-dependent model to analyze the recurrent cases of hyperglycemia and (2) a time-independent model to analyze the first incidence of hyperglycemia. Results Age (P = 0.018), HDL cholesterol (P = 0.010), and the average trough level of tacrolimus (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0142363
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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