Characterization of isolated amyloid myopathy

T. Liewluck, Margherita Milone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and purpose: Amyloid myopathy frequently occurs in the setting of systemic amyloidosis and less commonly in isolation (isolated amyloid myopathy). Anoctaminopathy-5 and dysferlinopathy were recently recognized as causes of isolated amyloid myopathy. The present study aimed to characterize the isolated amyloid myopathy and to compare it with amyloid myopathy associated with systemic amyloidosis. Methods: We searched the Muscle Laboratory database to identify patients with pathologically confirmed amyloid myopathy seen in neurology clinics between January 1998 and September 2016. Patients with monoclonal gammopathy, peripheral neuropathy, organomegaly or symptoms or pathologic evidence of amyloid deposition outside skeletal muscle were classified as having systemic amyloidosis-associated myopathy. Results: Fifty-two patients were identified, including 14 with isolated amyloid myopathy (eight anoctaminopathy-5, two dysferlinopathy and four genetically unknown) and 38 with systemic amyloidosis (32 immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis, four familial amyloid polyneuropathy and two senile systemic amyloidosis). Compared with patients with systemic amyloidosis, patients with isolated amyloid myopathy had a younger age of onset (median, 41.5 vs. 65 years), no dysphagia (0% vs. 26%) or weight loss (0% vs. 26%), but more frequent calf atrophy (57% vs. 0%), small collections of inflammatory cells on muscle biopsy (43% vs. 0%) and asymptomatic hyperCKemia at onset (21% vs. 0%). All patients with isolated amyloid myopathy had creatine kinase (CK) values >2.5 times the upper limit of normal. Conclusions: Isolated amyloid myopathy accounts for 27% of patients with amyloid myopathy, mostly due to anoctaminopathy-5. There are various clinical and laboratory parameters that can help to differentiate isolated amyloid myopathy from systemic amyloidosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1437-1445
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • amyloid myopathy
  • amyloidosis
  • anoctaminopathy-5
  • dysferlinopathy
  • muscular dystrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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