Characterization of cellular senescence in aging skeletal muscle

Xu Zhang, Leena Habiballa, Zaira Aversa, Yan Er Ng, Ayumi E. Sakamoto, Davis A. Englund, Vesselina M. Pearsall, Thomas A. White, Matthew M. Robinson, Donato A. Rivas, Surendra Dasari, Adam J. Hruby, Anthony B. Lagnado, Sarah K. Jachim, Antoneta Granic, Avan A. Sayer, Diana Jurk, Ian R. Lanza, Sundeep Khosla, Roger A. FieldingK. Sreekumaran Nair, Marissa J. Schafer, João F. Passos, Nathan K. LeBrasseur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Senescence is a cell fate that contributes to multiple aging-related pathologies. Despite profound age-associated changes in skeletal muscle (SkM), whether its constituent cells are prone to senesce has not been methodically examined. Herein, using single-cell and bulk RNA sequencing and complementary imaging methods on SkM of young and old mice, we demonstrate that a subpopulation of old fibroadipogenic progenitors highly expresses p16Ink4a together with multiple senescence-related genes and concomitantly, exhibits DNA damage and chromatin reorganization. Through analysis of isolated myofibers, we also detail a senescence phenotype within a subset of old cells, governed instead by p21Cip1. Administration of a senotherapeutic intervention to old mice countered age-related molecular and morphological changes and improved SkM strength. Finally, we found that the senescence phenotype is conserved in SkM from older humans. Collectively, our data provide compelling evidence for cellular senescence as a hallmark and potentially tractable mediator of SkM aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-615
Number of pages15
JournalNature Aging
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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