The detection of PML/RARA or variant RARA rearrangements is critical for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). While most cases of APL harboring the PML/RARA fusion respond to all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), some variant RARA rearrangements are ATRA insensitive. Herein, we report a 27-year-old male with newly diagnosed, rapidly progressive APL and a rarely described STAT5B/RARA fusion with known resistance to ATRA therapy. While the PML/RARA dual-color dual-fusion fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probe study was negative, the RARA break-apart probe study revealed an atypical RARA rearrangement in 95% of nuclei. A next generation sequencing assay, mate-pair sequencing, was subsequently performed to further characterize the RARA rearrangement and identified the RARA gene fusion partner STAT5B.
- Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)
- Mate-pair sequencing (MPseq)
- Next generation sequencing (NGS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research