Integrin α(IIb)β3 (platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa) is a prototype of integrins involved in cellular adhesive functions. As part of a structure- function analysis of this molecule, we constructed a mutant, designated α(IIb)β3(β1-2), by replacing 6 amino acids within a putative ligand binding domain of the β3 subunit with sequences derived from β1. The alteration did not affect the capacity of β3(β1-2) to combine with transfected α(IIb), nor did it cause it to combine with endogenous α5. Integrin α(IIb)β3(β1-2) was in a 'resting' state on Chinese hamster ovary cells as judged by minimal binding of an activation-specific anti- α(IIb)β3, PAC1. Nevertheless, cells expressing α(IIb)β3(β1-2) spontaneously bound fibrinogen with low affinity (K(α) = (4.85 ± 0.84) x 106 M-1). Activation with an anti-β3 antibody (monoclonal antibody 62) resulted in a 10-fold increase in fibrinogen binding affinity (K(α) = (4.55 ± 0.77) x 107 M-1), which was 3-fold greater than fibrinogen binding to activated wild type α(IIb)β3 (K(α) = (1.66 ± 0.33) x 107 M-1, F = 7.46, p = 0.008). The mutant receptor also bound fibrinogen mimetic peptide ligands with enhanced affinity as measured by the conformation-specific antibody, anti-LIBS1. This indicates that the increased affinity for fibrinogen was caused by enhanced interaction of α(IIb)β3(β1-2) with known recognition sequences in fibrinogen. Thus, this gain of function mutant augments ligand binding function, supporting a role for this region of the β subunit in ligand binding to integrins.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology