Characteristics of six-month tobacco use outcomes of Black patients seeking smoking cessation intervention

Anita F. Fernander, Christi A. Patten, Darrell R. Schroeder, Susanna R. Stevens, Ivana T. Croghan, Kenneth P. Offord, Richard D. Hurt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although Blacks experience disproportionately greater morbidity and mortality attributable to smoking than other racially-classified social groups, few studies have examined the impact of clinical interventions for nicotine dependence within this population. The main objective of this study was to examine 6-month outcomes among 146 self-identified adult Black patients who received an individually-tailored nicotine dependence intervention in an academic medical setting. Measures included a baseline demographic questionnaire and telephone follow-up to obtain self-reported 6-month tobacco use status. Univariate analysis was performed to assess the association of baseline patient characteristics with tobacco abstinence at 6 months following the clinic intervention. Of the 146 patients, 83% were seen in an outpatient clinic setting, while 17% were seen as inpatients in the hospital. At baseline, 53% reported smoking an average of 20 or more cigarettes per day, 32% were highly nicotine dependent, and 53% were in the preparation or action stage of change. Six months following the intervention, the 7-day point-prevalence tobacco abstinence rate was 43/146 (29%; 95% C.I. 22% to 37%). An individualized nicotine dependence intervention conducted in an academic medical setting yielded encouraging abstinence rates for Black smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-424
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2006

Keywords

  • Black smokers
  • Clinical intervention
  • Nicotine dependence
  • Tobacco abstinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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