To investigate the relevance of presenting electrocardiographic (ECG) patterns to short- and long-term mortality in nonreferral patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 6 ECG patterns were analyzed. A consecutive series of 907 patients from Olmsted County, Minnesota, admitted to the Mayo Clinic Cardiac Care Unit from January 1, 1988 to March 31, 1998 for acute myocardial infarction comprised the study population. ECG patterns and distribution in the population were: (1) ST elevation alone (20.8%), (2) ST elevation with ST depression (35.2%), (3) normal or nondiagnostic electrocardiograms (18.5%), (4) ST depression alone (11.8%), (5) T-wave inversion only (10.7%), and (6) new left bundle branch block (LBBB) (3.0%). Seven- and 28-day mortalities varied significantly (p <0.01) among the 6 ECG groups. Respective mortalities were 3.0% and 6.0% for patients with normal or nondiagnostic electrocardiograms, 3.1% and 5.2% for T-wave inversion only, 7.4% and 10.6% for ST elevation alone, 9.4% and 13.1% for ST depression alone, 10.3% and 13.8% for ST elevation with ST depression, and 18.5% and 22.2% for new LBBB. Length of hospital stay (LOS) also varied among the ECG pattern groups (p <0.001) with the longest average LOS being in the new LBBB group (12.5 days). Long-term survival was similar among 5 ECG pattern groups (45% to 55% at 8 years from discharge) with the exception of LBBB (20% at 8 years). Among non-LBBB groups, ST-segment depression with or without ST elevation was associated with increased short-term mortality. Also, in this community-based population, 18.5% of patients had normal or nondiagnostic electrocardiograms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine