Changes in the Inferior Vena Cava Are More Sensitive Than Venous Pressure During Fluid Removal: A Proof-of-Concept Study

EDITH L. Posada-Martinez, ZACHARY L. COX, MARIANA M. CANO-NIETO, NIKEIN D. IBARRA-MARQUEZ, JULIETA MORENO-VILLAGOMEZ, PEDRO GUDIÑO-BRAVO, JOSE A. ARIAS-GODINEZ, SALVADOR LOPEZ-GIL, MAGDALENA MADERO, VEENA S. RAO, ALEXANDRE MEBAZAA, DANIEL BURKHOFF, MARTIN R. COWIE, MARAT FUDIM, KEVIN DAMMAN, BARRY A. BORLAUG, JEFFREY M. TESTANI, JUAN B. IVEY-MIRANDA

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Congestion is central to the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF); thus, tracking congestion is crucial for the management of patients with HF. In this study we aimed to compare changes in inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) with venous pressure following manipulation of volume status during ultrafiltration in patients with cardiac dysfunction. Methods and Results: Patients with stable hemodialysis and with systolic or diastolic dysfunction were studied. Central venous pressure (CVP) and peripheral venous pressure (PVP) were measured before and after hemodialysis. IVCD and PVP were measured simultaneously just before dialysis, 3 times during dialysis and immediately after dialysis. Changes in IVCD and PVP were compared at each timepoint with ultrafiltration volumes. We analyzed 30 hemodialysis sessions from 20 patients. PVP was validated as a surrogate for CVP. Mean ultrafiltration volume was 2102 ± 667 mL. IVCD discriminated better ultrafiltration volumes ≤ 500 mL or ≤ 750 mL than PVP (AUC 0.80 vs 0.62, and 0.80 vs 0.56, respectively; both P< 0.01). IVCD appeared to track better ultrafiltration volume (P< 0.01) and hemoconcentration (P< 0.05) than PVP. Changes in IVCD were of greater magnitude than those of PVP (average change from predialysis: -58 ± 30% vs -28 ± 21%; P< 0.001). Conclusions: In patients undergoing ultrafiltration, changes in IVCD tracked changes in volume status better than venous pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Heart failure
  • congestion
  • inferior vena cava
  • venous pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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