Changes in carotid artery intima-media thickness 3 years after cessation of menopausal hormone therapy: Follow-up from the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study

Virginia M. Miller, Howard N. Hodis, Brian D. Lahr, Kent R. Bailey, Muthuvel Jayachandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Little is known regarding the progression of preclinical atherosclerosis upon cessation of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT). This study evaluated changes in carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) in a subgroup of participants during 4 years and 3 years after the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (KEEPS). Methods: Of thewomen enrolled inKEEPS at Mayo Clinic (n=118), a subset (n=76) agreed to participate in this follow-up study. KEEPSMHTassignments were placebo (PBO), n=33; transdermal 17b-estradiol (tE2), n=23; and oral conjugated equine estrogens group (oCEE), n=20. CIMT was measured by B-mode ultrasonography. Longitudinal analysis of CIMT was performed using all available data from pre-, on-, and post-treatment periods. Results: At 7 years, median age of participants was 60.2 years; median time since menopause was 8.5 years. The mean difference in rates of increase was significantly greater over the post- than on-treatment period within the oCEE group (0.010 [0.002-0.017] mm/y), but not within the PBO (0.006 [-0.001 to 0.012] mm/y; P=0.072) or tE2 (0.002 [-0.005 to 0.010] mm/y; P=0.312) groups. There were, however, no significant treatment differences in the linear trends over those intervals (P=0.524). Conclusions: Cessation of MHT at the lower doses and formulations used in KEEPS did not appear to alter the trajectory of CIMT over a 3-year follow-up period. CIMT, however, increased in all groups over the entire 7-year timeframe as expected with age and timing of menopause possibly key contributors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-31
Number of pages8
JournalMenopause
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • 17β-estradiol
  • Aging
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Conjugated equine estrogen
  • Metabolic Syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Changes in carotid artery intima-media thickness 3 years after cessation of menopausal hormone therapy: Follow-up from the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this