Change in diffusion-weighted imaging infarct volume predicts neurologic outcome at 90 days results of the acute stroke accurate prediction (ASAP) trial serial imaging substudy

Kevin M Barrett, Yong Hong Ding, Douglas P. Wagner, David F Kallmes, Karen C. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose - Predictive models of outcome after ischemic stroke have incorporated acute diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) information with mixed results. We hypothesized that serial measurements of DWI infarct volume would be predictive of functional outcome after ischemic stroke. Methods - The prospective Acute Stroke Accurate Prediction (ASAP) Study included a prespecified serial imaging subgroup who underwent DWI studies at baseline (<24 hours after symptom onset) and Day 5 (±2 days). DWI infarct volumes were calculated using the Analyze software (Rochester, Minn). Clinical outcomes were assessed at 3 months. Univariate and multivariable regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between change in DWI lesion volume and excellent neurological outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0, 1, and Barthel Index≥95). Results - In total, 169 cases from the ASAP study had serial DWI scans with a measurable lesion at baseline, follow-up, or both. The median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 6 (interquartile range, 3 to 13). For each 10 cm 3 of growth in DWI infarct volume, the OR for achieving an excellent outcome by modified Rankin Scale was 0.52 (95% CI, 0.38 to 0.71) and for the Barthel Index was 0.64 (95% CI, 0.51 to 0.79). Adjusting for clinically important covariates, the OR for an excellent modified Rankin Scale outcome was 0.57 (95% CI, 0.37 to 0.88) and excellent Barthel Index outcome was 0.75 (95% CI, 0.56 to 1.01). Conclusions - Based on these data, the likelihood of achieving an excellent neurological outcome diminishes substantially with growth in DWI infarct volume in the first 5 days after ischemic stroke of mild to moderate severity. (Stroke. 2009;

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2422-2427
Number of pages6
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009



  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging
  • Prognosis
  • Stroke outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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