Cetuximab and Irinotecan With or Without Bevacizumab in Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: BOND-3, an ACCRU Network Randomized Clinical Trial

Marla Lipsyc-Sharf, Fang Shu Ou, Matthew B. Yurgelun, Douglas A. Rubinson, Deborah Schrag, Shaker R. Dakhil, Philip J. Stella, Douglas J. Weckstein, Donald B. Wender, Meredith Faggen, Tyler J. Zemla, Erica N. Heying, Samantha R. Schuetz, Stephanie Noble, Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Charles S. Fuchs, Kimmie Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Combination irinotecan and cetuximab is approved for irinotecan-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). It is unknown if adding bevacizumab improves outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II trial, patients with irinotecan-refractory RAS-wildtype mCRC and no prior anti-EGFR therapy were randomized to cetuximab 500 mg/m2, bevacizumab 5 mg/kg, and irinotecan 180 mg/m2 (or previously tolerated dose) (CBI) versus cetuximab, irinotecan, and placebo (CI) every 2 weeks until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), and adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: The study closed early after the accrual of 36 out of a planned 120 patients due to changes in funding. Nineteen patients were randomized to CBI and 17 to CI. Baseline characteristics were similar between arms. Median PFS was 9.7 versus 5.5 months for CBI and CI, respectively (1-sided log-rank P = .38; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 0.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25-1.66). Median OS was 19.7 versus 10.2 months for CBI and CI (1-sided log-rank P = .02; adjusted HR = 0.41; 95% CI, 0.15-1.09). ORR was 36.8% for CBI versus 11.8% for CI (P = .13). Grade 3 or higher AEs occurred in 47% of patients receiving CBI versus 35% for CI (P = .46). CONCLUSION: In this prematurely discontinued trial, there was no significant difference in the primary endpoint of PFS between CBI and CI. There was a statistically significant improvement in OS in favor of CBI compared with CI. Further investigation of CBI for the treatment of irinotecan-refractory mCRC is warranted.Clinical Trial Registration: NCT02292758.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-298
Number of pages7
JournalThe oncologist
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 2022

Keywords

  • bevacizumab
  • cetuximab
  • colorectal neoplasm
  • irinotecan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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