Cerebrovascular pathology presenting as corticobasal syndrome: An autopsy case series of “vascular CBS”

Shunsuke Koga, Shanu F. Roemer, Koji Kasanuki, Dennis W. Dickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is heterogeneous in terms of postmortem neuropathology. While it has been previously studied with antemortem neuroimaging, clinicopathologic features of corticobasal syndrome associated with cerebrovascular pathology (vascular CBS) have yet to be reported. Methods: To identify vascular CBS, we searched the database of the CurePSP Brain Bank for patients with a clinical diagnosis of CBS who failed to meet neuropathologic criteria for corticobasal degeneration (CBD) or other neurodegenerative disease processes, but who had significant cerebrovascular pathology. Hemibrains were assessed macroscopically and processed for histological assessment. Medical records were reviewed to characterize clinical features of vascular CBS. Results: Of 217 patients with an antemortem diagnosis of CBS, we identified three patients with vascular CBS. Multiple infarcts in the watershed regions (frontal lobe and motor cortex), periventricular white matter, thalamus, and basal ganglia were observed in two patients. One patient had no cortical infarcts, but had multiple white matter infarcts and corticospinal tract degeneration. All were clinically thought to have CBS based on progressive asymmetric motor symptoms, including rigidity and apraxia, as well as cognitive impairment. Antemortem imaging studies showed findings of chronic cerebrovascular disease, with infarcts or white matter pathology. Conclusions: This autopsy study of vascular CBS shows that, while rare, cerebrovascular pathology involving the frontal lobe, white matter tracts, basal ganglia, thalamus, and corticospinal tract can underlie clinical features suggestive of CBS. When neuroimaging suggests an alternative explanation, including chronic infarcts in critical regions, caution is merited in considering CBD as the underlying pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-84
Number of pages6
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Cerebrovascular pathology
  • Corticobasal syndrome (CBS)
  • Corticospinal tract degeneration
  • Vascular parkinsonism
  • Wallerian degeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology

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