Ceramide initiates NFκB-mediated caspase activation in neuronal apoptosis

Jagjit S. Gill, Anthony John Windebank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the role of ceramide in mediating apoptosis of dorsal root ganglion neurons induced by either nerve growth factor withdrawal or treatment with the chemotherapeutic agents suramin and cisplatin. Measurement of ceramide accumulation by mass spectrometry and the diacylglycerol kinase assay revealed elevation of intracellular ceramide only in suramin treated cultures. Ceramide-mediated neuronal cell death was inhibited by the caspase inhibitor zVAD.fmk. In these experimental models, ceramide accumulation mediated activation and nuclear translocation of the transcription factor NFκB and cyclin D1 protein expression. Specific inhibition of NFκB using a molecular decoy strategy resulted in increased cell viability accompanied by diminished caspase activity and cyclin D1 expression. Inhibition of NFκB did not alter intracellular ceramide levels. Our study suggests that ceramide generation occurs upstream of NFκB activation, cell cycle reentry, and caspase activation in the neuronal death pathway. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-461
Number of pages14
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Ceramides
Caspases
Apoptosis
Suramin
Cyclin D1
Diacylglycerol Kinase
Caspase Inhibitors
Spinal Ganglia
Nerve Growth Factor
Cisplatin
Mass Spectrometry
Cell Survival
Cell Cycle
Cell Death
Transcription Factors
Theoretical Models
Neurons
Proteins

Keywords

  • Caspase
  • Cell cycle
  • Dorsal root ganglion
  • NFκB
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Suramin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

Cite this

Ceramide initiates NFκB-mediated caspase activation in neuronal apoptosis. / Gill, Jagjit S.; Windebank, Anthony John.

In: Neurobiology of Disease, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2000, p. 448-461.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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