Centrifugal electrospinning of highly aligned polymer nanofibers over a large area

Dennis Edmondson, Ashleigh Cooper, Soumen Jana, David Wood, Miqin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Well-ordered one-dimensional nanostructures are enabling important new applications in textiles, energy, environment and bioengineering owing to their unique and anisotropic properties. However, the production of highly aligned nanofibers in a large area remains a significant challenge. Here we report a powerful, yet economical approach that integrates the concepts of the parallel-electrode electrospinning with centrifugal dispersion to produce nanofibers with a high degree of alignment and uniformity at a large scale. We first demonstrated this approach with polyvinylidene fluoride to show how experimental parameters regulate fiber properties, and then with chitosan, a natural polymer, and polyethylene oxide, a synthetic polymer, to illustrate the versatility of the system. As a model application, we then demonstrated the significance of fiber alignment in improving the piezoelectric effect for voltage generation. The technique presented here may be used for mass production of aligned nanofibers of various polymers for a myriad of applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18646-18652
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume22
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Electrospinning
Nanofibers
Polymers
Natural polymers
Piezoelectricity
Fibers
Chitosan
Polyethylene oxides
Nanostructures
Textiles
Electrodes
Electric potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Centrifugal electrospinning of highly aligned polymer nanofibers over a large area. / Edmondson, Dennis; Cooper, Ashleigh; Jana, Soumen; Wood, David; Zhang, Miqin.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, No. 35, 21.09.2012, p. 18646-18652.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Edmondson, Dennis ; Cooper, Ashleigh ; Jana, Soumen ; Wood, David ; Zhang, Miqin. / Centrifugal electrospinning of highly aligned polymer nanofibers over a large area. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 35. pp. 18646-18652.
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