The process of angiogenic switching is one of the most important factors in the growth and development of breast tumors. Vascular permeability factor/ vascular endothelial growth factor (VPF/VEGF) is considered to be the most important directly acting angiogenic protein that has been shown to be up-regulated in breast cancer cells. Hypoxia seems to be an important stimulus for inducing VPF/VEGF mRNA expression in human mammary tumors. Here, we have studied the roles of the tumor suppressor gene p53 and the proto-oncogene c-Src in regulating the transcription of VPF/VEGF in breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB 435 under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions, p53 significantly inhibited the transcription of VPF/VEGF involving the transcription factor Sp1. Increased binding of Spl to the VPF/VEGF promoter has been observed when the cells were exposed to hypoxia. It has been shown that p53 makes a complex with Sp1 and inhibits its binding to the VPF/VEGF promoter to prevent the transcriptional activation. Furthermore, c-Src kinase activity was found to be increased in the hypoxic condition, and in the presence of antisense of Src, there was down-regulation of the total mRNA level and also the promoter activity of VPF/VEGF. The present study indicates that p53 can also inhibit the hypoxic induction of Src kinase activity and thereby may prevent VPF/VEGF transcription. Taken together, our data suggest a central role of p53, through which it can inhibit VPF/VEGF expression by regulating the transcriptional activity of Sp1 and also by down-regulating the Src kinase activity, under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 15 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research