Although cell traffic from the graft into the recipient and from the recipient into the graft had been noticed in allogeneic organ transplantation, little is known following whole-limb allografting. This study was conducted to define cell migration between donor and recipient. Sixty-seven vascularized hind limb allotransplantations were performed in rat sex-mismatched pairs and the recipient animals were treated with FK506 immunosuppression. The ratio of donor and recipient cells was evaluated by semi-quantitative PCR using the specific primers of the Y-chromosome. Allografted limbs had no rejection episode until the final assessment. The male recipient cells were detected in female limb grafts not at 1 week but at 48 weeks after transplantation. The male donor cells were detected in the humerus and tibia in the female recipient but not in the gastrocnemius muscle and leg skin. Our results demonstrated that recipient-derived cells gradually migrated into the grafted bone, muscle and skin cells with the duration of time. Donor-derived cells migrated into the healthy bones but not into the healthy muscle and skin. Because active regeneration occurs in the grafted limb to compensate graft damage secondary to ischemia and operative intervention, recipient-derived cells may mediate a muscular and dermo-epidermal renewal.
- Limb allograft
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine